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Full country name: Republic of China
Area: 36,200 sq km
Population: 23.5 million (2016)
Capital (and largest city): Taipei
People: Han Chinese (97%; of which 7% mainland Chinese; 90% Taiwanese); Taiwan aboriginal (3%)
Official Language: Chinese (Mandarin); Taiwanese dialect and aboriginal languages recognised but not official
Main Religion(s): Buddhism (approx. 35%), Daoism (approx. 35%), Christianity (2%),
Government: multi-party democracy, unitary parliamentary republic
GDP: US$588 billion
GDP per capita: US$25,000
Currency: New Taiwan dollar
Drives on: right
Internet TLD: .tw
Telephone calling code:+886
Literacy: 96.4%
Population Growth: 0.36%
Life Expectancy: 79.4 (UN)
Military Spending: approximately world 22nd-biggest spender
Economic Freedom: world 18th (Heritage Foundation)
Press Freedom: world 45th (Reporters Without Frontiers)
Other Notable Facts:
* Taiwan is the most populous state that is not a member of the United Nations, and the one with the largest economy.
* Taiwan's outlying islands include the Penghu Islands, 50 km west of the main island (with an area of 127 km2), more distant islands closer to mainland China such as Kinmen and Matsu, as well as Green Island and Orchid Island off the main island's south-east coast
* Taiwan's highest point is Yushan (Jade Mountain) at 3,952 metres, the second-highest peak in east Asia after Malaysia's Mount Kinabalu, and the island boasts over 100 peaks with heights in excess of 3,000 metres.